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Minnesota Concealed Carry Reciprocity Map & Gun Laws

Everything you need to know about owning a firearm in the state of Minnesota

Minnesota State Seal

Minnesota Reciprocity Map

Last Updated: 2021

Minnesota Concealed Carry Reciprocity Overview

5.7M

STATE POPULATION

299K

LICENSES ISSUED

5.25%

LICENSE PERCENTAGE

15

STATES HONORED

21

MINIMUM AGE TO CC

5

YEARS LICENSE VALID

30

RECIPROCATING STATES

NO

CONSTITUTIONAL CARRY

6

CC CERTIFIED INSTRUCTORS

Gun owners all over the country should learn about the rights and responsibilities in their state. It’s also vital to educate yourself on how firearm laws change when transporting the weapon over state lines. 

Minnesota has 5.7 million residents, and 299,000, or 5.25% of the people living there, have a concealed carry weapon (CCW) permit. You must be 21 years of age to apply for one of these CCW licenses, and it remains valid for five years. It costs $100 to get your first permit and $75-$85 for renewals. 

Anyone looking to acquire a Minnesota concealed carry permit should start the process by educating themselves on how these licenses work and locating a state-approved training partner. Concealed Coalition has trained more than a million Americans to carry their concealed weapons safely, and we can assist with your firearm education needs. Contact us for information on the concealed carry training we offer in Minnesota.

Minnesota Concealed Carry Training Courses

Summary of Minnesota Gun Laws

Your Minnesota Gun Rights

The United States has some federal guns laws, including universal background checks on purchases from federally licensed dealers, that apply in every state. Still, most regulations vary by state. You’ll need a Minnesota Permit to Carry a Pistol (PCP) or a concealed carry permit from a state Minnesota recognizes to carry a concealed weapon in the state.

Anyone who purchases a gun in Minnesota must first have a Permit to Purchase/Transfer or a PCP. Applications for the Permit to Purchase/Transfer go through the local police department and include a series of background checks. Minnesota is a shall-issue state, so law enforcement must grant your permit if you meet the minimum qualifications.

Your PCP makes it possible to carry a concealed weapon in 30 other states without an additional permit. Minnesota also honors concealed carry licenses from 15 other states that have similar regulations. Here are some of the state’s other gun laws:

Open Carry in Minnesota

It’s legal to openly carry a firearm in Minnesota with a PCP. There’s no provision in the law stating that the gun must be concealed.

Concealed Carry in Minnesota

Your PCP applies to concealed carry as well. Obtaining this permit involves providing proof of training on the safe use of a handgun from a certified instructor. Neither open carry nor concealed carry laws apply to shotguns or rifles.

Self Defense Laws in Minnesota

Receiving your PCP approval makes it easier to protect yourself when away from your residence. You should learn your rights and responsibilities as a gun owner, however, so you don’t end up on the wrong side of the law.

Use of Force

Minnesota has “duty to retreat” laws, so you can only use force as a last resort and must make every attempt to de-escalate the situation first. The state doesn’t have a Castle Doctrine law, although it does recognize some of its features by allowing the use of force if you believe your or someone else’s life is in danger.

Use of Deadly Force

The use of deadly force is only acceptable when preventing an offense that would have killed or done significant bodily harm to yourself or another individual.

Protecting Yourself With Firearms Safety Training

Seeking training from an experienced firearms instructor can help you determine when the use of force is permitted by law in Minnesota. The last thing you want to do is end up in legal trouble because you didn’t understand the rules. Classes are available online and locally in Minnesota.

Minnesota Gun Laws by Statute

Concealed Coalition is dedicated to dispelling the myths surrounding gun ownership and promoting a culture of understanding, responsibility, and confidence. Our certified instructors are qualified across multiple states, and our online or local training classes provide convenient learning environments run by instructors who care.

Contact us today at (651) 237-2522 or email to discuss your concealed carry permit educational needs..

Quick Links

Firearms Training in Minnesota with Concealed Coalition

CONCEALED CARRY BASICS IN MINNESOTA

QUESTION

ANSWER

Does Minnesota recognize constitutional carry?

No.

Is open carry permitted in Minnesota?

Yes, with a permit.

If Minnesota requires a license to carry a concealed firearm, how are those licenses issued?

At the local level by the sheriff’s office.

What is the minimum age in Minnesota to get a concealed carry license?

21 years old.

Can you concealed carry weapons other than handguns in Minnesota with a concealed carry license (or under permit-less carry if applicable)?

No.

Is it legal to own a taser or stun gun in Minnesota?

Yes, without a permit.

Is it legal to buy or use chemical spray/pepper spray in Minnesota?

Yes.

Does Minnesota have magazine capacity restrictions for handguns?

No.

Does Minnesota have ammunition restrictions?

Yes, on metal-penetrating ammunition used during a crime.

CONCEALED CARRY LOCATIONS IN MINNESOTA

QUESTION

ANSWER

Where can't I carry a concealed firearm in Minnesota?

There are limitations on where you can carry your gun, even with the property permit. Concealed weapons are banned in the following places:

  • Schools
  • Hospitals
  • Correctional facilities
  • Private establishments with signs banning firearms
  • Some state parks
  • Places of worship
  • Locations prohibited by federal law
  • Public places while intoxicated
  • Minnesota zoological gardens
  • State gaming refuges

This list can change at any time, so it’s always advisable to check with a location in advance if you’re unsure what’s allowed.

Where can I carry a concealed firearm in Minnesota?

At all locations where it isn’t prohibited.

Can you carry a concealed handgun in a vehicle in Minnesota?

Yes.

Can you carry a concealed firearm at roadside rest areas in Minnesota?

Yes.

Can you carry a concealed firearm in state/national parks, state/national forest and Wildlife Management Areas in Minnesota?

Yes, except for Bayport WMA, Hastings WMA, and Raguet WMA.

Can you carry a concealed firearm in bars and restaurants that serve alcohol in Minnesota?

Yes, as long as you aren’t under the influence.

Can you carry or possess a firearm on hotel property in Minnesota?

Yes, but on-site staff have the right to refuse your service.

Does Minnesota have laws relating to storing firearms in private vehicles in an employee parking lot?

Yes, it’s permitted, and your employer cannot prohibit you from doing so.

IMPORTANT GUNS LAWS IN MINNESOTA

QUESTION

ANSWER

Do you have a duty to notify a police officer that you're carrying a concealed firearm in Minnesota?

No, unless the officer directly asks you. It’s considered a courtesy to volunteer the information, though.

Are "No Weapons Allowed? signs enforced in Minnesota? If, yes, violating the sign would be considered to be a crime. If, no, violating the sign would not be considered a criminal offense.

Yes, and failing to follow the rules on the signs is a petty misdemeanor.

Does Minnesota have preemption laws related to concealed carry (i.e., Does state law supersede local laws regarding the possession of handguns)?

Yes, although municipalities can regulate the discharge of firearms. A person can sue government officials directly for attempting to violate the state’s preemption laws.

Does Minnesota have a red flag law?

No.

Does Minnesota state law define brandishing?

No, but recklessly handling a gun is a crime.

Does Minnesota have laws regarding carrying a concealed firearm while using alcohol or chemical substances?

Yes, carrying your firearm in a public place while under the influence of drugs or alcohol is illegal.

Does Minnesota issue concealed carry licenses to non-residents?

Yes, through the local county sheriff’s office.

Does Minnesota allow the public to access concealed carry registry information through public records law?

No, but law enforcement can access the registry.

HANDGUN PURCHASE & POSSESSION IN MINNESOTA

QUESTION

ANSWER

Is a permit required to purchase a handgun in Minnesota?

Yes, a Minnesota Permit to Carry a Pistol or a Permit to Purchase/Transfer a Firearm is needed to buy a gun in Minnesota.

Are background checks required for private gun sales in Minnesota?

No, but the seller could be held criminally responsible if the buyer commits a crime with the firearm within one year of purchase.

Does my current Minnesota concealed carry license exempt me from needing a background check when I purchase firearm? 

No.

Is there a waiting period after purchasing a handgun in Minnesota?

No.

Do handguns need to be registered in Minnesota?

No.

What is the minimum age to possess and transport a handgun in Minnesota?

18 years old.

Can I possess/carry a handgun in my home in Minnesota without a license? 

Yes.

MINNESOTA CONCEALED CARRY LICENSE INFORMATION

Concealed Carry Requirements to Register for a License in Minnesota

An applicant must:

  • Be at least 21 years of age
  • Complete an application form
  • Not be prohibited from possessing a firearm under Minnesota law
  • Not be listed in the criminal gang investigation system
  • Be a resident of the county from which he or she is requesting a permit, if he or she resides in Minnesota (Non-residents may apply to any Minnesota county sheriff.)
  • Provide certificate of completed authorized firearms training

Fees:

$100 for new permits; $75-$85 for renewals.

Valid For:

5 years.

Processing Time:

30 days.

Applications:

Link to application.

Non-Resident Concealed Carry License:

Non-residents may apply to any Minnesota county sheriff by following the process below.

Name & Address Changes:

Within 30 days after changing permanent address, the permit holder must notify the issuing Sheriff’s office of the change, loss or destruction. Failure to do so is a petty misdemeanor. The permit holder may obtain an updated permit at a cost of $10.

Lost or Stolen Licenses:

Within 30 days of having lost or destroyed the permit card, the permit holder must notify the issuing sheriff’s office of the loss or destruction. The permit holder must provide a notarized statement that the card has been lost or destroyed. Failure to provide notification as required is a petty misdemeanor. The permit holder may obtain a replacement permit card by paying $10 to the sheriff.

Residency Changes:

If a person with a Minnesota permit to concealed carry establishes residency in another state, the permit is valid until it expires provided he or she submits the above referenced name/address change form.

MINNESOTA CONCEALED CARRY LICENSE APPLICATION PROCESS

Step One:

Complete a firearms training course; must have been within 1 year of your application.

Step Two:

Download the application or pick one up from your county sheriff’s office.

Step Three:

Submit the following documents to the sheriff’s office for the county in which you reside (non-residents must apply in-person to any Minnesota county sheriff):

  • Completed application form
  • Photocopy of certificate from firearms course
  • Photocopy of your driver’s license or state ID card or photo page of your passport.

Step Four:

You will be notified if your application has been approved.

MINNESOTA CONCEALED CARRY LICENSE RENEWAL PROCESS

Overview

You’ll have to renew your PCP every five years and can start the process 90 days before your current license expires. You can also renew it up to 30 days after expiration by paying a $10 late fee. Here are the steps to receive approval:

Step One:

The same training you received when obtaining your permit is necessary when renewing. You can take the course up to one year before your permit expires.

Step Two:

Complete the application form that goes along with your renewal.

Step Three:

You’ll have to bring your application in person to your local county clerk’s office. The reason is that you’ll have to sign the document under oath, present your training certificate, submit copies of your ID, and provide fingerprints.

Step Four:

The renewal fee is $75 if you’re on time or $85 if you submit your application after your permit expires.

Step Five:

Your new permit or a notice of disqualification will arrive within 45 days of the date you submitted your fingerprints.

Concealed Carry for Law Enforcement Officers and Retired LEOs

Minnesota’s active and retired law enforcement officers can carry open and concealed firearms through HR 218, also known as the federal Law Enforcement Officers Safety Act (LEOSA). These officers have two options to qualify in Minnesota, as they’re eligible with annual firearms training at their home agency or through a certified third-party instructor. Here’s how LEOSA works:

  • The active or retired law enforcement officer fills out an application form through their home agency.
  • The home agency issues a photo ID and either provides the office with firearm training or asks for proof of firearm training from a state-approved instructor.
  • The officer is permitted to carry an open or concealed firearm in Minnesota without a PCP.

All active and retired officers will have to present the photo ID provided by their home agency that proves they’re eligible to carry an open or concealed firearm. Renewal is necessary every 12 months.

Firearms Training & Competency

Concealed Coalition has the state-approved instructors you’ll need access to when applying for your Permit to Carry a Pistol in Minnesota. Contact us today to learn more or sign up for your educational course.

A firearms safety course is necessary to receive a PCP in Minnesota. The law doesn’t define the length or scope of this course, but it must be conducted by a certified instructor and include instruction on the fundamentals of gun use, deadly force, and self-defense laws. These courses also must finish with a shooting qualification exercise. Available options include:

NRA Training

Training classes through the National Rifle Association are available throughout the country. You can use the training locator on the NRA’s official website to help with your search.

Hunter Safety Courses

DNR Firearms Safety Certification is necessary for anyone looking to apply for a hunting license in Minnesota. This training is available online or in a classroom.

Firearms Safety Courses From Other Providers

Various public and private institutions in Minnesota feature gun education programs. Make sure the instructor is state-approved before registering, though, to ensure the class is valid when applying for your PCP.

A Firearms Training Course With a State-Certified Instructor

State-approved instructors can provide you with the training required to obtain your PCP. Concealed Coalition has a team of trainers certified to offer this instruction in Minnesota, so you have nothing to worry about when it comes time to submit your application.

Active or Former Military Members

Minnesota recognizes that active-duty or former military members receive top-notch firearms training while in the service, but the state still requires them to complete the same educational course as civilians before receiving a PCP.

Other Accepted Qualifications

You can apply for a nonresident Permit to Carry a Pistol in Minnesota by visiting any county sheriff’s office. Officers will examine your credentials to determine if you can receive your license.

Get Certified for a Minnesota Concealed Carry Permit Today

Our network of firearms professionals are holding training classes and in-person certification courses throughout Minnesota. Use our certification locator to enroll in an upcoming firearms training course near you today, or visit our Minnesota concealed carry permitting resource for online certification.

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