A Guide to Permitless Carry Laws in the Constitutional Carry State

Constitutional carry state - cover photo

In the evolving landscape of firearms laws in the United States, the term “constitutional carry state” has become increasingly prevalent. As a community-centered organization dedicated to promoting safe and responsible gun ownership, we at Concealed Coalition believe it’s crucial to understand what this term means, especially as it impacts your rights and responsibilities as a gun owner.

What Does Constitutional Carry Mean?

At its core, a “constitutional carry state” is one where you can carry a handgun, openly or concealed, without the need for a state-issued permit. This concept is rooted in the belief that the Second Amendment to the U.S. Constitution inherently grants citizens the right to bear arms without additional state-imposed restrictions. 

It’s a significant shift from the norms in non-constitutional carry states, where carrying a concealed weapon typically requires a permit obtained after meeting certain criteria, including background checks and training.

Constitutional carry state - CCW permit training
A constitutional carry state doesn’t require training to obtain a CCW permit, but it’s always beneficial to be educated on the rights and responsibilities of a firearm owner.

Other Names for Constitutional Carry

“Constitutional carry” is often interchangeably referred to as “permitless carry.” While both terms describe the same legal framework, “permitless carry” explicitly highlights the absence of the permit requirement in these states. Regardless of the terminology used, the essence of a “constitutional carry state” remains centered on the principle of fewer restrictions for law-abiding citizens.

Constitutional Carry States as of January 2024

As of January 2024, the list of constitutional carry states has grown, reflecting a trend towards more permissive gun laws in certain regions. In fact, the United States officially became a constitutional carry-majority nation last spring.

Each of these states has its unique nuances concerning constitutional carry, and we encourage you to familiarize yourself with the specific laws in your state. It’s important to remember that while the state law might not require a permit, other regulations regarding the use and carrying of firearms still apply.

In 2021, there were just 16 states that had constitutional carry laws on the books. Now there are 27. 

Three new constitutional carry states: Georgia, Florida, Nebraska
Georgia, Florida, and Nebraska are the three newest states to join the constitutional carry train in 2023.

Georgia rang in the new year in 2023 by enacting constitutional carry on January 1. But it was Florida that had the honor of officially tipping the scales when the state’s Senate approved a constitutional carry bill in March and Gov. Ron DeSantis signed it in April. The law took effect in July.

Florida was soon followed by Nebraska, whose law took effect in September 2023.

The 27 states that are now officially constitutional carry states are as follows: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, West Virginia and Wyoming.

Training and Permits in the Constitutional Carry State

One might wonder, “In a constitutional carry state, do I still need training and a permit?” While the law may not mandate it, we at Concealed Coalition firmly believe in the value of proper training. Understanding how to handle and use your firearm safely is paramount, regardless of your state’s legal requirements.

Moreover, there are practical advantages to obtaining a permit even in a constitutional carry state. For one, having a permit often allows for reciprocal carry in other states that recognize it. This means you can legally carry your firearm across state lines in areas that have reciprocity agreements. Additionally, the process of obtaining a permit can provide you with essential knowledge about firearm laws, safety practices, and handling techniques.

Advantages and Considerations of Citizens in a Constitutional Carry State

Living in a constitutional carry state offers the advantage of exercising your Second Amendment rights with fewer governmental restrictions. However, this freedom comes with the responsibility of ensuring that you are well-informed and trained in the use of firearms.

One key consideration is the impact of these laws on public perception and safety. While proponents argue that constitutional carry laws enhance the ability of citizens to protect themselves, others express concerns about the lack of mandatory training and screening processes. This dichotomy underscores the need for individual responsibility and the importance of voluntary training and education in firearm use.


In conclusion, understanding what it means to be in a constitutional carry state is about more than recognizing your rights; it’s about acknowledging your responsibilities as a gun owner. The absence of a permit requirement doesn’t diminish the need for knowledge, training, and responsible handling of firearms.

As we navigate these changing legal landscapes, it’s vital that we, as a community, uphold the standards of safety and responsibility that define us. The freedom to carry a firearm comes with the duty to do so wisely and safely, for the well-being of ourselves and our community.

We encourage you to embrace your role in this community by seeking out comprehensive education and training. Whether you’re in a constitutional carry state or not, the principles of safe firearm handling remain constant. Visit Concealed Coalition for resources, training programs, and more information on navigating gun laws in your state. Together, we can ensure a safe, responsible, and well-informed firearm-owning community.

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